The term “Stoner” has an unclear origin. People first used it in the 1930s to describe drunk people. By today’s definition, a stoner smokes a lot of weed. A stoner is the most common name for a cannabis user.
Smokers Get Called “Stoners”
Perhaps you have heard of the term yourself. Stoners are people who get stoned. In modern times, it mainly refers to people who smoke pot. In America, marijuana-loving subcultures widely adopted 420, despite its forgotten origins.
Pot Has Been Used to Describe Cannabis
Cannabis was often called “pot” during the 1930s. It is unclear how it gained currency as a derogatory term that described drunkenness during the 1920s. Because pot is also a term for heroin, it has gotten some scrutiny. Some activists and advocates dislike the term pot, although it is a common phrase to describe cannabis.
You Could be “On the Pot” by Smoking Soft Opium
As opium semi-liquids were smoked in the late 1800s, pot became synonymous with drugs. Also used to describe hallucinogenic drugs. In contrast, it emphasizes pot’s psychoactive effects, such as zoning out. Being stoned refers to intoxication caused by cannabis effects. Stoned high is a term used to describe cannabis effects.
Stoners are Part of A Large “Cannabis Culture” Family
The term stoner indicates someone who belongs to a more prominent family and is part of the cannabis culture. It became popularized by hippie culture during the 1960s and 1970s to refer specifically to those high on cannabis. A stoner is a cannabis user who is usually lazy or unmotivated because he or she is high. Etymologists are not sure exactly when stoners became more closely associated with marijuana use from a drinking term.
The origin of stoners may be much simpler than we thought. Smoking rocks may have led to the word “stoner.” In cannabis slang, “tree” was likely coined by stoners making that same type of linguistic connection.
Marijuana and Ganja
Marijuana and ganja have been used for centuries to describe the plant and its medicinal properties. Its etymological roots are straightforward. Wine or brandy steeped with marijuana leaves or buds is called Potacion de Guaya.
What about Spice?
Spice has nothing to do with synthetic marijuana products, also known as spice. The term was initially used as a verb for rolling and is not related to moving cannabis in a joint. We do not recognize spice as a viable alternative to cannabis; it has been responsible for overdoses and is not a good option. Natural cannabis has not.
What about Junkies or Burnouts?
Stoners who consume a lot of cannabis are often called junkies or burnout by people outside the scene. Inside the cannabis community, people use the term “high” or “stoned.” The term “high” is linked to multiple types of intoxication, and as such, it is believed that stoned was used more widely because of this interchangeability. Stoned has a more extended history of slang usage behind it.
It might seem scary for newer stoners, but most of these words are already part of the current lexicon because cannabis is becoming more mainstream. Cannabis and its Latin equivalent are almost interchangeable. Several states use it as a legal term.
Eccentricity: Unusual Hobbies Across the Globe
Embark on a whimsical journey through the realm of quirky and eccentric hobbies with “Eccentricity: Unusual Hobbies Across the Globe!” Explore the thrilling landscapes with Extreme Ironing enthusiasts, sculpt transient beauty with soap, roll down hills chasing cheese, create pixelated masterpieces with spreadsheets, float in serenity with Indoor Skydiving Yoga, groom vibrant visions on furry friends, and join the quacking challenges of Competitive Duck Herding! Celebrate the diversity and creativity of the human spirit as we uncover the stories, communities, and cultural impacts of these extraordinary pastimes!
Welcome to a journey through the quirkiest corners of human creativity, where Eccentricity explores Unusual Hobbies Across the Globe! This venture uncovers the extraordinary realms where ironing meets adventure, soap turns into ephemeral art, wheels of cheese become racing stars, spreadsheets morph into canvases, yoga takes flight, dogs transform into vibrant masterpieces, and ducks quack their way through competitive herding. Unravel the fascinating stories, diverse communities, and cultural richness that lie beneath these unconventional pastimes, and celebrate the boundless imagination that makes our world a truly colorful tapestry!
Extreme Ironing – Pressing On in the Wilderness
The Origin Story
Our journey into the eccentric begins with the peculiar yet intriguing Extreme Ironing. Tracing its roots to Leicester, England, we find Phil Shaw, an ordinary man with an extraordinary vision, turning a mundane chore into an adrenaline-fueled adventure. This unconventional combination of ironing and extreme environments sparked curiosity, leading to a worldwide community of thrill-seekers eager to flatten creases on mountaintops, underwater, or even mid-air!
The Rise of a Global Community
Fueled by the Internet and social media, Extreme Ironing enthusiasts from different corners of the globe connected, sharing stories of their daring exploits and plans for the next adventure. The community’s growth peaked with the organization of the Extreme Ironing World Championships in 2002, which saw competitors from around ten countries showcase their ironing prowess in challenging environments.
A Closer Look: Extreme Ironing World Championships
The Championships brought together a diverse group of ironists, each eager to outdo the other in creativity and skill. The competition had various categories, including urban, water, forest, and freestyle, allowing participants to push the boundaries of the sport. The event garnered media attention, further propelling Extreme Ironing into the global spotlight.
Did you know that Ben Gibbons set a world record for the highest altitude Extreme Ironing on Mount Everest at an altitude of 5,440 meters? Talk about taking your chores to new heights!
Soap Sculpting – Delicate Designs in Transience
Delving into the fragrant world of soap sculpting, we discover a delicate dance between impermanence and beauty. Originating in Thailand, this ephemeral art form started as a means to create decorative floats for the Loy Krathong festival. The intricate designs, primarily floral, are a testament to the artist’s skill and the transient nature of the medium.
Worldwide Recognition and Artistic Exchange
As soap sculpting gained international recognition, artists from different countries participated in exhibitions, showcasing their unique interpretations and techniques. The global platform allowed for cultural and artistic exchange, contributing to the evolution of this delicate craft. Workshops and institutions offering courses in soap sculpting have further nurtured aspiring artists, ensuring the art form’s continued growth.
A Closer Look: International Soap Sculpting Competitions
These competitions serve as a convergence point for artists worldwide, fostering a sense of community and mutual appreciation for the craft. The events highlight the diversity of designs and the innovative use of a medium that is both tactile and fragrant. Artists compete for accolades, pushing the boundaries of what can be achieved with a bar of soap.
The intricacy of soap sculpting has led to the creation of designs that can take up to several days to complete, only to dissolve gradually when used!
Cheese Rolling – Chasing Wheels of Fortune
Cheese rolling involves chasing wheels of cheese down dangerously steep hills in England. Dating back over 200 years, it began as a celebratory tradition but evolved into a risky spectacle. Competitors tumble down the slope, risking major injury in hopes of catching the cheese.
Community, Camaraderie and Controversy
While official events got cancelled due to hazards, enthusiasts still come together to uphold the tradition. The atmosphere combines danger with communal festivity. However, cheese rolling draws criticism from safety advocates concerned about injuries. Thrill seekers argue traditions evolve naturally.
In 1997, a cheese reached a top speed of 70 mph due to the steepness of the slope! Faster than many cars accelerate!
Spreadsheet Art – Beauty in Numbers
Spreadsheet art uses the grids of Excel or other spreadsheet software to create digital artwork pixel-by-pixel. Artists build complex images by coloring spreadsheet cells and relying on natural gradients. Detail emerges as viewers zoom out on thousands of tiny cells.
Online Galleries and Algorithmic Artwork
Spreadsheet artists share their artwork online and enthuse about the creative possibilities within mundane software. Some artists program spreadsheet formulas to algorithmically generate parts of their images. The hobby sits at the intersection of mathematics, digital art, and computer programming. As a digital artist- this is something that is going on my list of things to try!
Microsoft even hosted an art competition to showcase Excel’s hidden artistic potential, attracting over 1,000 submissions!
Indoor Skydiving Yoga – Zen in the Wind
Elevating Traditional Practice
Indoor Skydiving Yoga offers a harmonious blend of serenity and exhilaration. This innovative practice challenges the traditional norms of yoga, introducing an element of dynamism through the use of vertical wind tunnels. Practitioners experience heightened concentration, balance, and body awareness as they strike yoga poses while floating mid-air.
The Formation of Dedicated Communities
The uniqueness of Indoor Skydiving Yoga has given rise to dedicated communities that explore and promote the benefits of this unconventional practice. Participants often describe a sense of liberation and heightened self-awareness, attributing these benefits to the combination of aerial movement and meditative focus.
A Closer Look: Benefits of Indoor Skydiving Yoga
This practice offers both physical and mental benefits, including improved muscle strength, enhanced focus, and stress relief. The challenge of maintaining yoga poses while suspended in air adds a new dimension to the practice, encouraging participants to explore their limits and develop a deeper connection with their bodies.
Indoor Skydiving Yoga practitioners often use visualization techniques to enhance their experience, imagining themselves floating above clouds or hovering over scenic landscapes!
Competitive Dog Grooming – Vibrant Visions in Fur
Unleashing Creativity on Four Legs
In the world of Competitive Dog Grooming, groomers and their canine companions collaborate to bring vibrant visions to life. Utilizing safe dyes and expert grooming techniques, groomers create elaborate designs, ranging from pop culture references to fantastical creatures, all showcased on the dogs’ fur.
A Platform for Artistic Expression and Animal Welfare
The competitions provide a stage for groomers to exhibit their talents while adhering to guidelines that prioritize the well-being of the participating dogs. These events celebrate the unique bond between humans and animals and the limitless possibilities of creative expression, all while ensuring the safety and comfort of the furry models.
A Closer Look: Themes and Designs
Competitive Dog Grooming has seen a plethora of themes and designs, with groomers drawing inspiration from movies, nature, and mythology. The intricate designs require hours of meticulous work, showcasing the groomers’ dedication and the dogs’ patience and trust.
Some dogs seem to enjoy the grooming process and the attention they receive during competitions, adding an extra layer of joy to the events!
Competitive Duck Herding – Quacking Up a Challenge
Setting the Feathers in Motion
Who would have thought that the tranquil and amiable duck could be the center of a hobby as eccentric and delightful as Competitive Duck Herding? Originating from rural traditions where ducks were herded for agricultural purposes, this quirky activity has evolved into a form of competition that has enthusiasts flocking together to showcase their herding prowess.
Duck Herding Communities – A Quack Pack of Hobbies
Bridging the gap between rural traditions and modern-day amusement, Competitive Duck Herding has hatched communities worldwide. Participants, affectionately known as “duck herders,” gather in open spaces, armed with enthusiasm and herding sticks, guiding ducks through obstacle courses in a race against time. The camaraderie among competitors and the cheerful quacking of ducks create an atmosphere of joy and friendly rivalry.
A Closer Look: Duck Herding Competitions
The world of Competitive Duck Herding is adorned with events that celebrate the unique bond between humans and ducks. The competitions are structured around obstacle courses, with herders guiding a flock of ducks through a series of challenges. The goal? To demonstrate agility, cooperation, and, most importantly, the harmonious connection between the herder and the feathered participants.
Points of Interest: Obstacle Courses
The obstacle courses in these competitions are ingeniously designed, incorporating water features, bridges, and gates, challenging both the ducks and the herders. The courses are a test of strategy, patience, and understanding of duck behavior, with herders vying for the title of the ultimate duck guide.
Ducks used in the competitions are often trained from a young age, and they form a close bond with their herders. Some ducks even display a playful personality, adding an extra layer of entertainment to the competitions!
Impact on Popular Culture
The charm of Competitive Duck Herding has not gone unnoticed in popular culture. The activity has been featured in various television shows and documentaries, highlighting the quirky and endearing nature of herding ducks. These portrayals have contributed to the growing interest in the hobby, inspiring more people to join the “quack pack.”
Eccentric Hobbies All Wrapped Up
From the adrenaline-fueled heights of Extreme Ironing to the delicate, ephemeral art of Soap Sculpting, each hobby unveils a unique facet of human creativity. Dive into the chaotic thrill of Cheese Rolling, marvel at the pixelated masterpieces of Spreadsheet Art, and find Zen amidst the wind with Indoor Skydiving Yoga. Witness the vibrant expressions of Competitive Dog Grooming and join the cheerful quackery of Competitive Duck Herding. These unconventional pastimes, each with its distinct community and cultural impact, are a testament to the boundless imagination and adventurous spirit that define us. Subscribe for more silliness!
Scented Secrets: 5 Terpenes You’ve Met Outside the Cannabis World!
Terpenes are the aromatic compounds responsible for the distinctive smells of cannabis strains. Over 200 different terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant, each contributing to the wide spectrum of flavors, aromas, and effects. By understanding terpene profiles, consumers can select strains intentionally based on desired benefits. Beyond cannabis, these same terpenes that bring nuanced fragrance to bud also exist abundantly across the natural world. For example, the terpene limonene lends a zesty lemon scent when found in citrus fruits or cannabis. Myrcene produces an earthy, musky aroma reminiscent of cloves in both mango and some cannabis strains. Pinene conveys a pine forest scent whether in conifers or in a particular cannabis cultivar. Discovering terpenes both in and out of cannabis offers a deeper appreciation for these fragrant compounds.
Terpenes are aromatic compounds found abundantly in nature, especially in plants. These complex hydrocarbons are responsible for the distinctive smells we associate with plants – from the fresh lemon zing of citrus fruits to the soothing lavender fragrance of certain flowers.
In the cannabis plant, terpenes alongside cannabinoids like THC and CBD contribute to the wide spectrum of aromas, flavors, and effects found across different strains. Terpene profiles vary widely from strain to strain resulting in unique sensory experiences.
Understanding terpenes allows us to better appreciate the nuanced palate of cannabis. It also enables more targeted consumption by choosing strains with terpene profiles that align with desired effects and benefits.
Beyond the cannabis plant, terpenes play vital roles across the plant kingdom. They help attract pollinators and repel predators in nature. Their practical applications for humans span our food, medicines, cosmetics and more.
What Exactly Are Terpenes?
Terpenes are a large, diverse class of aromatic organic compounds produced in plants as well as some insects. The term “terpenes” refers to a broad category of hydrocarbons that contain hydrogen and carbon atoms.
They are synthesized in plant cells from precursor molecules such as pyrophosphates. Terpenes exist as oily liquids and evaporate easily at standard temperature and pressure. Most terpenes share a common molecular formula: C10H16
Terpenes alongside terpenoids (their oxygenated derivatives) comprise the largest group of phytochemicals, accounting for over 50,000 distinct compounds. They are the main constituents of plant essential oils and resins.
Chemically, terpenes consist of repeating isoprene units. The number of isoprene units determines terpene classification:
- Monoterpenes – 2 isoprene units (C10H16)
- Sesquiterpenes – 3 isoprene units (C15H24)
- Diterpenes – 4 isoprene units (C20H32)
- Triterpenes – 6 isoprene units (C30H48)
- Tetraterpenes – 8 isoprene units (C40H64)
The diverse molecular structures of terpenes are responsible for an equally wide spectrum of aromas, flavors, and effects. Subtle differences in their chemical structure can produce noticeably different smells.
For example, limonene and pinene both contain 10 carbon atoms but limonene has a lemon aroma while pinene smells resinous. These distinctive aromatic compounds interact with cell receptors in our nose impacting fragrance perception.
Terpenes in Cannabis: The Entourage Effect
Over 200 different terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant. The mix of terpenes alongside cannabinoids like THC and CBD produce the Entourage Effect – a synergistic interaction that shapes the effects and aromas of different cannabis strains.
5 common terpenes found in and outside of the cannabis world:
This is the most predominant terpene in cannabis. Myrcene produces an earthy, musky aroma resembling cloves. It is commonly found in fruits like mango and herbs like hops. Myrcene induces relaxing, sedative effects. It also increases cell permeability allowing other terpenes and cannabinoids to better absorb.
As the name suggests, pinene produces a piney aroma much like a pine forest. It is found in conifers like pine trees and pine needles as well as herbs like rosemary and basil. Pinene acts as a bronchodilator potentially boosting airflow and alertness. It also enhances memory and concentration. Pinene also has various medicinal benefits.
This terpene has a strong citrusy smell evocative of lemon zest. It is naturally abundant in citrus fruits. Limonene quickens metabolism and raises serotonin levels for improved mood. It has anti-anxiety and stress-relieving properties. As a potent antibacterial and antifungal, limonene also promotes immunity.
This is the only terpene that directly interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system. It has a spicy, peppery scent and taste. Caryophyllene is also found in spices like black pepper and cloves. It functions as a powerful anti-inflammatory and pain-reliever. It also reduces anxiety.
One of the most fragrant terpenes, linalool produces a floral lavender aroma. It is prevalent in lavender as well as mint. Linalool helps induce relaxation and sleep. It works as an anxiolytic agent that calms the nervous system bringing an overall sense of peace. It also boosts immunity.
The diverse terpene structures create an orchestra of flavors and effects in cannabis strains. Some strains will be more abundant in certain terpenes producing targeted benefits. For example, limonene-dominant strains can energize and thwart stress while linalool-rich strains can relax both body and mind.
Understanding terpene profiles allows consumers to identify strains better suited for desired needs whether that’s energy, focus, creativity, sleep or pain relief.
Terpenes in Everyday Life
Beyond the cannabis plant, terpenes play indispensable roles across the plant kingdom. Plants produce these aromatic compounds to attract pollinators like insects and repel predators like herbivores.
The fragrant terpene bouquets advertise nectar rewards to potential pollinators. These scented chemical cues also enable plant communication – signaling danger or summoning beneficial predators when pests are present.
For humans, terpenes have a diverse array of applications in our everyday lives. We may not know it, but terpenes impact much of what we eat, smell and use daily.
Here are some common uses of terpenes:
The perfume industry relies heavily on terpenes to craft distinctive scents and fragrances. Limonene lends a lemon verbena zing while more woodsy terpenes like pine and cedar provide an earthy base. Floral terpenes like linalool and geraniol are used for their rosy aromas.
Companies isolate or synthetize particular terpenes to produce unique proprietary perfumes and colognes. Terpene isolates are also used to create aromatic oils and candles.
Terpenes contribute to the sensorial experience of eating through taste and smell. Limonene brings a citrusy flavor, pinene an herbal quality, and menthol a minty cooling sensation.
The food industry maximizes terpenes to elevate flavors. For example, terpenes called R-carvones provide spearmint flavoring. Menthol cools sensation in gum and candy. Thyme and oregano owe their robustness to terpenes like thymol.
Terpenes are Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) additives by the FDA to enhance taste, aroma, and preservation. They Terpene isolates are also used to create aromatic oils and candles
Health and Medicine
Some terpenes exhibit therapeutic properties from anti-inflammatory to antimicrobial. The phytochemical potential of terpenes is now being researched for health applications.
For example, limonene has gastroprotective effects useful in managing acid reflux and heartburn. Pinene helps clear airways – it is even being investigated as a natural bronchodilator. Linalool and caryophyllene have anxiolytic properties that ease stress and anxiety.
Terpenes feature prominently in aromatherapy. Inhaling lavender oil high in linalool targets mood disorders. Terpenes like borneol are also used in traditional Chinese medicine. As more research emerges, terpene therapies may grow in popularity.
Cleaning and Cosmetics
Citrus-scented cleaners leverage limonene for its clean, freshening aroma and antimicrobial potency. Linalool and eucalyptol (minty terpene) are used in hygiene products for their pleasant scents and germ-fighting abilities.
Some terpenes even dissolve grease and oil. D-limonene (citrus peel extract) is often listed as an active ingredient in all-purpose cleaners and degreasers. It breaks up grime and grease naturally without synthetic chemicals.
Cosmetics also capitalize on terpenes. Linalool offers a delicate floral scent to lotions. Limonene and pinene infuse an uplifting aroma to products. Menthol provides cooling sensation. Cosmetics leverage the fragrance, flavor and bioactive properties of terpenes.
Given their natural bioactivity, terpenes have a long history of use as insecticides and pest repellents. Citronella oil high in citronellol wards off mosquitoes. Other terpenes work as natural solutions against fleas, moths, roaches and plant diseases.
With increased pest resistance to synthetic pesticides, terpene-based insecticides and repellents offer safer and eco-friendly alternatives. They biodegrade rapidly avoiding environmental accumulation.
Industrial Applications Some terpenes work as green solvents for their ability to dissolve substances. D-limonene safely dissolves oils, waxes, greases and resins. It replaces harsh solvents like toluene as an ecologically-friendly option.
The adhesive industry uses terpene derivatives in formulas for pressure-sensitive tapes, labels, laminates and more. Terpenes can also wet surfaces helping adhesive spread and penetrate better.
This is just a sampling of the many practical uses and applications of terpenes in our everyday lives. Their multi-sensory properties coupled with ecological advantages make terpenes highly versatile across many industries from food to medicine and beyond.
The Abundance of Terpenes in Nature
Terpenes represent the largest and most widespread class of phytochemicals in the plant kingdom. They are produced profusely as main constituents of essential oils and resins.
Beyond aroma and flavor, terpenes play vital ecological roles for plant survival. As potent biochemicals, terpenes help plants:
- Attract pollinators
- Deter herbivores
- Repel or kill pests/pathogens
- Mediate symbiotic relationships.
Plants utilize terpenes as chemical messengers in communication, defense and reproduction. Some terpenes are toxic to competing plants inhibiting growth (allelopathy). Others alter soil chemistry to gain a competitive edge.
Given their ecological importance, terpenes are ubiquitous across the plant kingdom. They are found in abundance in:
Fruits – Most fruits contain high concentrations of terpenes that give them distinct aromas, flavors and colors. Citrus fruits are abundant in limonene while muskmelon has characteristic muscone (musk terpene). Mangoes brim with myrcene conveying lush, fruity notes. Even the characteristic flavors of apples (pinene) and grapes (linalool) arise from terpenes.
Herbs and Spices – Pungent herbs and spices owe their fragrance and taste to terpenes. Black pepper teems with caryophyllene while eucalyptol brings the cool sensation of mint. Thyme and oregano get their robust herbal quality from thymol and carvacrol terpenes. Ginger gets its zing from shogaols and zingerone. The piquant aroma of cloves comes from eugenol.
Flowers and Plants – Flowers across various species produce terpenes to attract pollinators. Lavender contains bountiful linalool bringing its soothing floral aroma. Similarly, geraniol and nerol terpenes impart the sweet rose fragrance to roses. Conifers are loaded with pinene giving forests their pine scent. Even cannabis showcases over 140 different terpenes.
Insects and Animals – Terpenes are not exclusive to the plant kingdom. Insects like swallowtail butterflies biosynthesize terpenes for defense. Their caterpillars absorb terpenes from host plants making themselves toxic or distasteful to predators. Some terpenoids found in truffles and cannabis may originate from microbial production.
In short, terpenes are integral natural compounds found across the biological world. Their production spans the plant, insect and microbial domains. Next time you catch a whiff of pine, lavender or cloves, that’s the sensory power of terpenes!
The Entourage Effect: How Terpenes Interact with Other Compounds
In nature, terpenes rarely exist in isolation. More often, a mix of terpenes alongside other phytochemicals creates synergistic interactions that shape plant characteristics.
This biochemical “entourage effect” underlies the aroma, taste, color and medicinal benefits of plants.
Some key entourage effects of terpenes include:
Terpenes + Flavonoids
Flavonoids are color pigments in plants. Their interaction with terpenes influences flower color. Blue flowers owe their hue to anthocyanin flavonoids. Coexisting terpenes stabilize and modify the anthocyanin molecules producing variegated shades.
Terpenes + Cannabinoids
In cannabis, limonene amplifies absorption of THC and CBD through the blood-brain barrier. Myrcene also increases cell permeability allowing more cannabinoids to reach receptors. The terpene caryophyllene even binds to CB2 receptors directly making it psychoactive.
Terpenes + Curcuminoids
Curcumin, the main bioactive in turmeric, is fat soluble. Terpenes like d-limonene help curcumin dissolve and become more bioavailable to the body. This synergy enhances the anti-inflammatory benefits.
As these examples show, terpenes modulate bioactivity of other plant molecules from pigments to cannabinoids. The overall effect is amplified and balanced. Isolating single molecules misses these entourage benefits.
How Are Terpenes Created in Plants?
Terpenes are biosynthesized from basic molecular building blocks within plant cells. The primary precursor molecules for terpene synthesis include:
Acetyl Co-A – Derived from glycolysis, this coenzyme donates 2-carbon units
IPP (Isopentenyl pyrophosphate) – Formed from acetyl Co-A, IPP is a 5-carbon precursor
DMAPP (Dimethylallyl pyrophosphate) – Rearranged from IPP, DMAPP contains 5 carbons
IPP and DMAPP combine in a head-to-tail configuration to form monoterpenes, the C10 precursors to all terpenes.
This basic reaction is catalyzed by terpene synthase enzymes. Through alkylation, cyclization and oxidation steps, IPP and DMAPP are converted into the vast diversity of terpene structures.
For example, limonene synthase rearranges the geranyl pyrophosphate precursor into limonene. Further enzymatic steps add functional groups producing terpenoid derivatives.
The genes encoding these terpene synthesis enzymes have been widely studied and engineered in microbes for enhanced terpene production.
Certain growing conditions can also boost terpene content. Slow-dried cannabis often has higher terpene levels than rapidly dried cannabis. Stressors like high UV light and low nutrients may also stimulate terpene production.
Health Benefits of Key Terpenes
While research is still emerging, some terpenes appear to offer therapeutic properties and health benefits. Here are a few well-studied terpenes with promising bioactivity:
This abundant terpene has well-researched anticancer effects. It induces cancer cell death and restricts tumor growth. Limonene’s antioxidant action also promotes heart health. As a potent antibacterial and antifungal, limonene boosts immunity and battles pathogens. It relieves heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux when taken orally.
Used medicinally since ancient times, pinene exhibits potent antimicrobial effects against a broad range of bacteria, fungi and viruses. It acts as an expectorant to help clear airways. Pinene’s ability to cross the blood-brain barrier also makes it neuroprotective.
This is the only terpene known to directly activate endocannabinoid receptors. It selectively binds to CB2 receptors producing anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects similar to cannabinoids. Caryophyllene holds promise for pain relief and autoimmune conditions.
With its calming floral aroma, linalool is a proven anxiolytic that alleviates anxiety, stress and depression. It acts on GABA receptors and serotonin pathways bringing relaxation and improved mood. Linalool also completely inhibits growth of certain fungi and bacteria.
Clearly, terpenes are more than just aromatic compounds. From anxiety to pain, infection to inflammation, targeted terpenes may offer therapeutic benefits in the future. However, more rigorous research in humans is still needed.
Let’s Wrap it Up!
Terpenes constitute the largest class of phytochemicals performing vital roles across the plant kingdom. They contribute to plant communication, defense and reproduction. For humans, terpenes impart tantalizing aromas and flavors that make foods more palatable and even bioactive.
In cannabis, terpenes alongside cannabinoids create the Entourage Effect that shapes strain-specific characteristics. Analyzing terpene profiles enables more intentional consumption based on desired effects and benefits.
Beyond cannabis, terpenes have diverse applications across our everyday lives. They are ubiquitous in cleaning and cosmetic products, food and beverage, medicine and more. Nature’s biochemical factory has crafted over 50,000 terpene structures contributing sensory richness and ecological intimacy to the world.
10 Positive Psychology Ideas to Improve Your Mental Well-Being
Do you ever feel like you could use a boost in your mental well-being? Do you want to lead a happier and more fulfilling life?
Positive psychology provides a wealth of ideas and strategies for improving your mental health and overall well-being. Let’s look at 10 of these ideas, complete with actionable steps and practical advice to help you implement them in your life.
The Power of Acknowledging What You’re Thankful For: Did you know that practicing gratitude has been scientifically proven to increase happiness and life satisfaction?
Practicing gratitude means acknowledging the things that you’re thankful for in your life. This can be anything from a beautiful sunset to a supportive friend. You can write down the things you’re grateful for in a journal or simply take a moment each day to reflect on them in your mind. It’s important to focus on the positive aspects of your life, even if they seem small. Regular gratitude practice has been shown to improve mood, increase resilience, and promote overall well-being.
- Create a gratitude journal and write down three things you are thankful for each day
- Write a thank-you letter to someone who has made a positive impact in your life
- Take time to practice mindfulness during everyday activities, such as eating or taking a walk
- Take time to appreciate the small things in life, such as a beautiful sunset or a warm cup of tea
- Volunteer your time and resources to help others, which can increase feelings of gratitude and fulfillment.
Acts of Kindness:
Making a Difference in Your Own Life and Others: Have you ever noticed how helping others can make you feel good too?
Engaging in acts of kindness can profoundly affect both the giver and the receiver. It can be anything from volunteering, sending a thoughtful message, or simply holding the door open for someone. Kindness has been linked to improved mood, stronger relationships, and a sense of purpose. Performing kind acts for others has increased empathy and compassion, making the world a better place for everyone.
- Volunteering at a local shelter or food bank can bring a sense of purpose and fulfillment.
- Donating to a charity or fundraising for a cause you care about can give you a sense of satisfaction and contribute to a positive mood.
- Paying for someone’s meal or coffee anonymously can bring a feeling of warmth and generosity.
- Offering to help a friend, family member, or stranger in need can boost your confidence and create a sense of community.
- Writing a kind note or sending a thoughtful gift to someone who needs encouragement can give you a sense of empathy and compassion, leading to an improvement in the way you feel and how the receiver feels.
The Benefits of Being Present in the Moment: Have you ever found yourself so caught up in thoughts about the future or past that you miss out on the present moment?
The practice of mindfulness involves being fully present in the present moment. Observing feelings, thoughts, and sensations without judgment is part of it. Regular mindfulness practice has been linked to reduced stress and anxiety, improved focus, and increased self-awareness. Mindfulness can be incorporated in many ways into your life, such as meditation, yoga, or simply breathing deeply for a few moments a day. The key is to find what works best for you and make it a consistent part of your routine.
- Stay present in the moment and practice mindfulness
- Exercise regularly to improve physical and mental resilience
- Seek out new challenges and experiences to increase resilience
- Surround yourself with a supportive social network
- Focus on your values and priorities to maintain a sense of purpose and direction.
- Focus on positive self-talk and limit negative self-criticism
The Art of Seeing the Glass as Half Full: Do you often focus on a situation’s negative aspects?
By framing situations positively, we can put a positive spin on them. If you choose not to dwell on the negative aspects of a problem, you can choose to focus on the opportunities and potential outcomes. This can help to reduce stress, increase resilience, and improve overall mood. To practice positive reframing, try to identify the positive aspects of a situation and focus on them. You can also find the silver lining in difficult situations. With time and practice, positive reframing can become a habit that can improve your mental well-being.
- Focus on the process, not the outcome
- View failure as a learning opportunity
- Surround yourself with positive, supportive people
- Engage in challenging activities outside of your comfort zone
- Celebrate small victories and progress.
Setting and Achieving Goals:
The Benefits of Having a Clear Direction in Life: Do you often feel like you need a clear purpose or direction?
Setting and achieving goals is an essential aspect of positive psychology. Having a clear direction in life can help you to feel more motivated, focused, and fulfilled. When setting goals, it’s important to ensure they are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART). Start by setting small, achievable goals, and gradually work your way up to larger goals. It is important to celebrate your victories along the way to build motivation and confidence. Achieving your goals can bring a sense of accomplishment and give you a clear understanding of direction and purpose in life.
- Define the goal using the SMART method
- Specific: the goal should be well-defined and clearly stated
- Measurable: the goal should have a quantifiable outcome
- Achievable: the goal should be realistic and attainable
- Relevant: the goal should align with your values and overall life purpose
- Time-bound: the goal should have a specific deadline or time frame.
- Break the goal down into smaller, achievable tasks. This will boost confidence when you complete a task. Resulting in a better feeling you!
- Create a timeline or action plan. Organize your chaos.
- Consistently take action towards the goal. Keep going
- Regularly review progress and adjust the plan as needed.
Engaging in Your Passions and Interests:
Finding Fulfillment by Pursuing What You Love: Looking for a way to add a more positive meaning and purpose to your life?
Engaging in your passions and interests is an important aspect of positive psychology. Whether it’s a hobby, sport, or creative pursuit, finding something you’re passionate about can bring fulfillment and satisfaction to your life. By doing something you love, you can tap into a sense of flow and experience the joy that comes from being fully absorbed in an activity. Finding time to engage in your passions and interests can help to reduce stress, increase overall happiness, and bring a sense of purpose to your life.
- Find activities that you are passionate about and immerse yourself in them
- Take up a new hobby or skill, such as painting or learning a new language
- Challenge yourself with activities that are just outside of your comfort zone
- Find ways to make mundane tasks more enjoyable, such as listening to music while cleaning
- Seek out new and exciting experiences, such as traveling to new places or trying new foods.
Building Strong Positive Relationships:
The Importance of Connecting with Others: Do you find yourself feeling isolated or lonely at times?
Building solid relationships is an important aspect of positive psychology. Having a supportive network of friends and family can bring a sense of connection and belonging, and help to improve overall well-being. Whether it’s through spending time with loved ones, joining a club or group, or volunteering, there are many ways to connect with others and build meaningful relationships. Building strong relationships can also help reduce stress, increase resilience, and provide support when you need it the most.
- Spend time with those who are important to you, such as friends and family
- Practice active listening and empathy when communicating with others
- Volunteer in your community or join a social group to meet new people
- Offer support and encouragement to others, which can also increase your own feelings of happiness and fulfillment
- Practice forgiveness and letting go of grudges to improve relationships and reduce stress.
Positive Mindfulness and Meditation:
Finding Inner Peace and Clarity Through Awareness: Do you often find yourself feeling overwhelmed and stressed out by the demands of everyday life? Stuggling to see the positive?
Mindfulness and meditation are key practices in positive psychology that can help you to find inner peace and clarity. By focusing on the present moment, you can let go of stress and worries and cultivate a sense of calm and well-being. The practice of mindfulness and meditation can be done in several ways, including breathing exercises, yoga, and guided meditations. With regular practice, you can develop greater awareness, improve your ability to handle stress, and find greater peace and happiness.
- Practice deep breathing and mindfulness during everyday activities
- Try guided meditations or mindfulness apps to help focus your attention
- Engage in yoga or other physical activities that promote mindfulness
- Find quiet moments throughout the day to focus on the present moment
- Regularly practice mindfulness and meditation as part of your daily routine.
The Power of a Positive Attitude: Do you find yourself dwelling on the negative and struggling to see the bright side of things?
Embracing optimism is an essential aspect of positive psychology. By focusing on the positive, you can change your outlook on life and find greater happiness and well-being. Several methods can be used to cultivate an optimistic perspective, including positive self-talk, focusing on gratitude, and surrounding yourself with positive people. By embracing optimism, you can improve your mood, increase your resilience, and find greater satisfaction with life.
- Focus on positive self-talk and limit negative self-criticism
- Surround yourself with positive, supportive people
- Keep your focus on the positive aspects of your life and practice gratitude
- Do activities that make you happy and that you enjoy
- Seek out new experiences and try new things to increase positive emotions and foster a sense of optimism.
Taking Care of Your Physical Health:
The Connection Between Body and Mind: Looking for positive ways to enhance your well-being, both physically and mentally?
Taking care of your physical health is an important aspect of positive psychology. Regular exercise, a healthy diet, and sufficient sleep can all contribute to improved physical health and in turn, improved mental well-being. Taking care of your body can reduce stress, increase energy levels, and improve your mood. Regular physical activity can also help to reduce the risk of developing chronic diseases and improve overall longevity. By committing to your physical health, you can improve both your mind and body and find greater happiness and well-being.
- Make time for activities that bring you joy and relaxation, such as reading or taking a bath
- Engage in regular physical activity to improve overall health and well-being
- Get adequate sleep and prioritize rest and relaxation
- Practice mindfulness and self-compassion to reduce stress and improve mental health
- Seek out professional support or therapy if needed, to address any mental health concerns.
How can I incorporate these ideas into my daily life?
Start small by incorporating one or two activities into your daily routine and gradually increase as you become more comfortable. Find ways to make the activities enjoyable and relevant to your life, and make them a priority
Are there any negative consequences of practicing positive psychology?
No, there are no known negative consequences of practicing positive psychology. However, like anything, it’s important to approach positive psychology with balance and moderation. If you have any concerns, it’s always best to consult a mental health professional.
How long does it take to see the benefits of positive psychology?
The benefits of positive psychology vary from person to person, but many people feel more positive and fulfilled within a few weeks of incorporating these practices into their daily routine. Consistency is key, as is making positive psychology a priority.
Be calm, Be happy, Be Better
Positive psychology offers a range of ideas and practices for improving mental well-being and promoting happiness. By incorporating these ideas into your daily routine, you can increase positive emotions, strengthen resilience, and cultivate a more fulfilling and meaningful life. It doesn’t matter if you’re new to positive psychology or have been practicing for a while, remember to approach positive psychology with balance and moderation, and seek professional support if needed. For more interesting articles, check out the rest of Stoner.Boston!
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